Since the beginning of the mullahs’ rule in Iran, two different interpretations of the country’s history have emerged. One introduced by the regime and its propaganda apparatus and the other an unofficial version widely accepted by the population.
These two interpretations are on opposite ends of the spectrum.
The first, propagated by the mullahs, presents them as the true saviors of the country who fought against the Shah’s dark dynasty. They liberated the people, instituted a pious religion, and brought “liberty” to the land without the help of anyone but divine intervention.
They eliminated all perceived enemies of the people, from simple critics to “hypocrites” and atheists. They established a heavenly Islamic state through the “Supreme Leader” or Velayat-e Faqih (absolute rule of the clergy).
In this version of history, there is no place for Iran’s true heroes and heroines. And if we accidentally come across the name of someone like Sattar Khan, one of the leaders of Iran’s 1906 constitutional revolution, it is because the regime’s historians have not been able to completely erase his legacy. But they still try to downplay his role, portraying him as a humble foot soldier led by the clerics stationed in Najaf, who were following the orders of Iran’s religious leaders.
In this version of the story, Mirza Kuchak Khan, the leader of the Nehzat-e Jangal movement, is presented as a staunch supporter of the mullahs’ ideologies.
Colonel Mohammad Taghi Khan Pesyan is an ephemeral figure not worth introducing to younger generations.
And Mullah Mohammad Kashani, one of the most evil political figures in Iran’s history, responsible for many disasters, will replace Dr. Mohammad Mosaddeq as hero of nationalization of Iran’s oil industry.
dr Mosaddeq is accused of being a Freemason who could only achieve what he was doing thanks to Mullah Kashani. And after he betrayed the friendship of Kashani, he faced the wrath of God, the people and the colonialists, and because of that he was finally overthrown.
In this twisted version of history, Ruhollah Khomeini, the founder of the Islamic Republic, is revered as the sole savior of the people from Iran’s 2,500-year-old monarchy.
All of Iran’s real heroes are simply relegated to the despised positions of separatists, mercenaries of the Soviet Union and Britain; Or as simple thugs who have diverted Iran’s true historical path. Not surprisingly, the uprooted monarchy and despised theocracy share similar ideological leanings and sensationalist propaganda when it comes to Iran’s history. They want to rewrite it in their own image.
In their history, after the theocratic-colonialist coup of August 15, 1953, there is no other movement or resistance, and what exists, as the Shah said, is just a bunch of “terrorists”, Moscow’s henchmen or “Marxist-Islamists”. .” In his opinion, they all deserved death, and if arrested, they had to be considered prisoners threatening national security, not political prisoners.
Likewise, as the mullahs said after the 1953 coup, the only resistance was led by them alone. And when people saw any movement and resistance from the likes of the main opposition, the People’s Mojahedin Organization of Iran (MEK/PMOI) or the Organization of Iranian People’s Fedai Guerrillas (OIPFG), these were just a few dissenting movements that gained momentum interrupted by the perseverance of the mullahs.
These are the lies and deceptions propagated by the remnants of the Shah’s monarchy and the mullahs’ intelligence apparatus. These untruths are propagated via the internet and social media with their specific kinds of historical revisionism to mislead especially those born after the 1979 anti-monarchical revolution who did not have an objective understanding of the Shah’s dictatorship.
These younger generations have suffered from the mullahs’ complete monopoly on the free flow of information, as well as the mullahs’ brutal censorship of facts. They primarily had access to vague or falsified sources, the purpose of which is to lead the public to the wrong conclusion that the only alternatives in Iran’s political cosmos are either theocracy or monarchy; there is nothing else.
The new generations in Iran need to be informed about the demands of the people over the past decades. Gradually, through modern technology and social activism, they are becoming aware of who their real heroes are and what the real story of Iran is.
We must know that the constitutional revolution was a historic struggle for:
- Denial of absolute monarchical dictatorship (the first demand of the constitutional revolution was the curtailment of the Shah’s unlimited powers)
- The establishment of an independent judiciary
- The participation of the masses in political power
- The establishment of the National Consultative Assembly (Parliament) with the participation of representatives of different strata and classes of the people
- And the struggle for social progress, public welfare, free and public education and health care, and the social equality of all peoples
These are the most important and well-known demands of the people in the last 130 years. A battle whose two fronts are distinguishable by the names of its heroes. Among them were:
- Sattar Khan
- Bagher Khan
- Ali monsieur
- Mirza Kuchak Khan
- Colonel Mohammad Taghi Khan Pesyan
- Sheikh Mohammad Khiabani
- Mohamad Mosaddeq
- Hossein Fatemi
- Mohamad Hanifnejad
- Said Mohsen
- Asghar Badizadegan
- Masoud Ahamdzadeh
- Amir Parviz Pouyan
- Bijan Jazani
And on the other hand, the Shah’s monarchy and its remnants, allied with the propaganda of the regime’s Ministry of Intelligence and Security (MOIS).