Japan hosts webinars on dry farming in Iran

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TEHERAN – The Iran office of the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), in cooperation with the Arid Land Research Center (ALRC) of Tottori University, organized 5 webinars on the subject of “Research and development on Arid Land Agriculture in Iran and Japan” for the Ministry of Agriculture in Iran.

In Iran, where most of the country is in either arid or semi-arid areas, drought and water scarcity are becoming serious problems as a result of climate change. Desiccation and desertification are beyond the scope of any country and need to be viewed as global issues that need to be addressed not only by Iran but also by its surrounding areas.

Global warming from climate change is one of the greatest challenges of the 21st century. Tottori University Arid Land Research Center (ALRC) is the only dry land research institute in Japan. Japan is not an arid area. However, to address issues such as droughts, desertification, etc., dry land exploration had begun using the experiences made possible by agriculture through the development of sand protection technologies with tree planting and silent sand dunes in the Tottori sand dunes. Today the center is a joint research base of universities and research institutes around the world.

For this series webinar, 4 ALRC professors gave lectures on the subjects of “Introduction of the Research and Activities of the Arid Land Research Center (ALRC)”, Water Productivity and Optimized Irrigation, Wheat Varieties for Arid Land Breeding and Drought Management.

The total number of participants was almost 364. The fifth was a lecture from the Iranian side on the research and application of Arid Land Agriculture as well as a discussion on possible future cooperation.

For Tottori University, Iran was the first partner country when the center began its first academic research abroad in the late 1970s, doing a lot of joint research and joint dissertations on specific topics.

As both have the same mission and focus to solve global problems in arid areas beyond the scope of the country, it has been found that there is potential for joint research in many areas.

Climate change, a big problem in Iran

Climate change is one of the major problems in Iran, which can exacerbate drought and water scarcity, so serious national plans need to be made to address this phenomenon.

The increasing consumption of fossil fuels by humans, especially after the Industrial Revolution, has led to increases in greenhouse gas emissions and ultimately climate change, and tackling this phenomenon has become a major global concern today.

Temperature change, sea level rise, coastal degradation, destruction of agricultural and food products, deforestation, depletion of freshwater resources, regional climate change in the high and northern hemisphere, changes in the direction of precipitation and wind, increasing natural disasters such as tornadoes and floods, worsening droughts and the development of desert areas , increasing air pollution from soaring hot winds and the potential impact on the spread of diseases such as malaria are some of the well-known consequences of climate change.

According to scientists, global warming from climate change is one of the greatest challenges of the 21st century.

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