TEHERAN – An Iranian lawmaker who helped prepare a negotiation with the US to approve a bill said the move was designed to prevent any government signing of agreements without informing the legislature.
A group of Iranian lawmakers have proposed a bill that, if passed, would prohibit any negotiation between Iranian officials and their American counterparts without the official approval of the Majlis.
The bill, officially titled “Plan to Prohibit Discussions between Officials and Authorities of the Islamic Republic of Iran and US officials”, was approved in the Bureau of the Iranian Parliament on June 23 and is due to be discussed soon.
The draft law provides that “from the date of entry into force of this law, any opening of negotiations or negotiations by authorities and officials of the Islamic Republic of Iran with US officials without the permission and consent of the Islamic Consultative Assembly is prohibited”.
Under the bill, any violation of the law would result in the offender being punished. Procedures for the implementation of the law are prepared by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in cooperation with the secret service and justice ministries and the secret service of the IRGC within two months and approved by the Cabinet of Ministers.
The introduction of the bill explained the logic behind it. â€œUS officials have taken military, intelligence, human rights and sanctions measures against the Islamic Republic of Iran and our countryâ€™s officials in various ways, directly or under the guise of economic, scientific, medical, biological and industrial activities. The irrational and shameful act of the American authorities to kill General Qassem Soleimani as a martyr is one of the clear examples of their crimes against the Islamic Republic of Iran and humanity. The US President has repeatedly identified the officials and institutions of the Islamic Republic of Iran as terrorists and imposed sanctions on them, â€says the introduction.
It added: â€œUnfortunately we at the JCPOA witnessed the negligence of American officials, and the reason for this negligence was that despite the emphasis on the JCPOA’s content, the Supreme Leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran negotiating team was presented differently and did not give the people’s representatives a full one and a clear explanation of the actual provisions of the JCPOA. This led to the ratification of the JCPOA in the Islamic Consultative Assembly. “
With this, the legislature justified the bill and demanded the majlis’ permission for any negotiations with the US to prevent government officials from using the negotiations as a propaganda tool and putting pressure on the majlis.
Mohammad Taghi Naqd-Ali, a lawmaker who helped prepare the bill, further clarified the logic of the bill by relating it to fundamental disagreements between Iran and the US
“Because we have fundamental differences with the United States and the Zionist regime and the hegemony of the United States and Israel is secure, formal or informal negotiations with the United States without the knowledge of Parliament are prohibited,” the legislature told State News IRNA.
He added: â€œAccording to Article 77 of the Constitution, international treaties, conventions, treaties and arrangements must be approved by the Islamic Consultative Assembly. Since the Constitution prescribes parliamentary oversight of international treaties, this plan was drawn up in accordance with parliamentary oversight instruments. “
Naqd-Ali called the bill a “preventive” measure, saying it was tabled to prevent government officials from signing agreements without informing the legislature.
He also placed the bill in the broader context of Iran’s policy of non-alignment with East and West. Naqd-Ali pointed out that this law aims to protect the well-known Iranian foreign policy principle of â€œneither east nor westâ€.