By Hossein Beizayi
It seems that the brain drain of educated and specialized people from Iran to other countries is becoming more intense over the years. According to studies from 2019, Iran has the second largest brain drain in the world with the brain drain of nearly 180,000 skilled workers. With the deterioration of all aspects of life in Iran in recent years, of course, and with the recent complete control of the three branches of the Government in Iran of Khamenei’s closest and most reliable persons (Raisi, Ejei, and Ghalibaf) and the rise in public discontent has undoubtedly increased this statistic.
The brain drain from any country generally occurs for three reasons: economic, social, or political problems. The ongoing brain drain crisis in Iran can be attributed to the intensifying effects of many factors, including decades of poor governance, widespread and ongoing political and social repression, serious human rights violations, dismal economy Outlook, corruptionand socio-demographic factors.
All these parameters seem to have come together at this point in time and have left no solution for many Iranians except to leave the country. These factors have caused dissatisfaction among most Iranians, with research showing that 30% of the population tend to migrate abroad. On the one hand, this dissatisfaction can be seen in economic statistics and figures that, for example, 80% of people have fallen below the poverty line. The middle class has almost disappeared, essential foods such as meat and fruit are off the table for millions. News of strikes by workers and employees who have not been paid for several months can be seen in the media almost daily and is the order of the day. The youth unemployment rate has reached a third of the population and there are now an abundance of college graduates working in professions such as taxi driving.
In Kurdistan Province, many people carry goods on their backs and carry them to the other side of the border known as “Kolbar” or border porters. Every month they are killed by border police officers who shoot them with impunity.
The situation in Iran is so dire that almost a third of the metropolitan population, who can no longer afford the high rents in the cities, is driven to the outskirts and lives in sheds with no minimum standard of living in very poor conditions. like drinking water, electricity, a decent bathroom, etc.
In addition, widespread and institutionalized corruption in government has created incredible class differences between officials and members of the regime and the common people. It has been shown that officials and members of the regime have access to the lower exchange rates, which are about one seventh of the market rate. They sell it on the open market at a much higher price and pocket the profits. Because of this, Iran has the highest number of millionaires in the Middle East.
Government corruption, which has led to widespread poverty, is one of the main reasons many young people have lost their hopes for the future, turned to drugs and became addicted. This was seldom seen before the 1979 revolution. It is commonplace in today’s Iran that many young people in science and even high school students become addicted to drugs. The pressure of not being able to afford a simple life forces them to drop out of education and look for a place to stay in remote places in cities and towns. In Iran they are called. designated Cardboard sleepersthat is, they live and sleep in cardboard boxes.
According to the regime’s published statistics, there are currently 4.4 million addicts in Iran. The real number is of course much higher. The same statistics say the number of addicts in the country has doubled in the past decade. Drug distribution centers are operated and operated indirectly by the Iranian Revolutionary Guard and regime officials. They run the drug distribution network without fear of arrest and responsibility. In order to cover up such a lucrative operation, several addicts and drug dealers are arrested and executed every now and then. But the growing number of addicts clearly shows that drug distribution networks are immune. In fact, getting medicines is now cheaper and easier than getting some groceries.
In light of this, it is natural that most educated people, who have worked hard, studied and gained experience for years to lead better lives, and who see such conditions, flee the country to escape this horrific prison. But since not all of these people can immigrate and not all of them want to leave Iran, many are trying to change the situation in Iran.
The motivation behind most of these immigrants is the fact that the Iranians cannot tolerate the mullahs’ despotism, which imposes intolerable political and social restrictions. The unfortunate truth is that while the mullahs are in power, we will only see a growing number of college students and experts leaving Iran for good.
But according to politicians and sociologists familiar with the situation in Iran, this situation cannot last long. This is in line with what some of the Iranian officials are saying. Iranian society is behaving like a bomb nearing its explosion stage or, according to Ahmadinejad, the former president of the same regime, a flood is on its way that will take everyone away.